Glossary

The following is a list of Webmaster and computer terminology you may encounter while creating your web pages or using the Internet.


Acrobat Reader
A plug in from Adobe that reads documents in PDF format on any platform.


Animated GIF

A series of images shown one after another to simulate a animation within your Web page.


Applet

An applet is a small Java program that can be embedded into a web page.


ASCII

American Standard Code for Information Interchange.


Attachment

A file attached to an Email message that you can send to any other email account.


Attribute

Describes an aspect of an Html tag that is modified with a value.


Authoring Tool
A software program that helps you write Hypertext or multimedia applications such as Web pages for the internet.


AVI

AVI stands for Audio Video Interleaved. This is a compression technique used by Microsoft for Internet video with sound.


Background

A color or image within your web page which is placed behind your text and graphic elements.


Backup

Backup is used to copy files to a separate directory or an external drive so they will be preserved in case of lost files or equipment failure.


Blog

A Blog or web-log is a web page that serves as a publicly accessible personal journal for an individual.


Bookmark

A feature included in Internet browsers such as Netscape or Internet explorer that allows you to save addresses of your favorite Web sites.


Browser

A software program such as Microsoft Internet Explorer, Chrome, or Netscape Navigator that is used to navigate the internet.


Byte

A byte is the amount of memory space used to store one character which is usually 8 bits.


Cache

A location on your computer that stores recently visited Web pages so they can be accessed faster.


Caret

Shaped as an I - beam a caret can be positioned independently of the mouse pointer and is used when editing a text field.


CGI

Common Gateway Interface is a server-side script or program used to process data entered in a fill-in form.


Character String

A series of characters enclosed in single or double quote marks. For example "Display some text".


Client

Software such as a browser that sends requests to and receives information from a server.


Clipboard
A section of RAM (Random Access Memory) on your computer that temporarily stores copied data such as text and images.


Compressed File

A computer file that has been reduced in size by a compression software program.


Cookie

A small bit of code or information that is stored on your computer by some web sites.


CSS

Cascading Style Sheets is a formatting language that gives greater control over Web page design.


Dialog Box

A type of pop-up box or window that can display information or request user input.


Directory

A folder that contains a list of files stored on a hard drive, floppy disk, or CD.


Discussion Boards

Forums on the Internet or an Intranet where users can post messages for others to read.


DNS

Domain Name Server. A method of indexing the Internet based on site names.


Download

The process of transferring information such as web pages or files from a web site to your computer.


Editor

A software tool that allows a user to enter, edit, and print text document files stored on a computer.


Email

Email (electronic mail) allows you to send and receive text messages between two computers.


External Style Sheet

Allows the user to change the look of an entire website by changing CSS elements in one file.


Facebook

A social networking website that allows users to create their own profiles with photos, videos, and personal information.


FAQ

Frequently Asked Questions. An easy to read list of common questions and answers.


File Extension

The final part of a filename that denotes its format. Filename extensions usually follow a period such as Image.gif or Sound.wav


Firefox

Mozilla Firefox is a free and open source web browser developed for the Microsoft Windows and Linux operating systems.


Flash

Developed by Macromedia software, Flash is used to create interactive high quality vector graphic animation programs for web pages.


Font

A set of character typefaces used in word processors or text editors that come in different styles and sizes.


Form

Used to process information received from users visiting a web page.


Freeware

Software available for use at no cost or an optional fee.


FTP

File Transfer Protocol. A means of uploading files to the Internet or downloading files to your computer.


GIF

A 256 color highly compressed graphics format designed by Compuserve for using images on line Internet


Gigabyte

One gigabyte (GB) is equal to 1,024 megabytes. Just over one billion bytes.


Google

The most-used search engine on the world receiving several hundred million queries each day.


Google Chrome

Released in 2008 Google Chrome is a freeware web browser that uses the WebKit layout engine.


Host

A company that provides server disk space to other companies and individuals


HTML

Hypertext Markup Language. A standard of text markup conventions used for documents on the World Wide Web.


Hyperlink

A link within a Hypertext document that can lead to another Web site or another place within the same document.


Internal Style Sheet

An internal style sheet can be used within one single web page that has a unique style.


Internet

A vast global network of computers that operates the World Wide Web, providing users around the globe access to millions of resources.


Internet Explorer

A Web browser from Microsoft that is used to search for information on the Internet.


ISP

Internet Service Provider is a company that provides services such as Internet access, domain name registration and web hosting.


Java

Java is a general-purpose, object-oriented programming language first released by Sun Microsystems in 1995.


JavaScript

A scripting language created by Netscape that is used to add interactivity to your web pages.


Keywords

A list of words or short phrases that can be used by viewers searching for information within Web pages.


Location Bar

The field near the top of a browser window where you can type in a URL or search terms.


Login

The account name used in combination with a password to gain access to a secured computer area.


Malware

Short for malicious software, malware refers to a software program that is designed to damage your computer system.


Marquee

A marquee is a small section of your Web browsers window that can display scrolling text.


Menu

A context related list of commands or options that users can choose from.


Microsoft Security Essentials

An antivirus software product that provides protection against different types of viruses such as Malware, Trojan horses and Rootkits.


Modem

Modulator/demodulator. A device to convert digital signals to analog for transfer over phone lines.


MPEG

Moving Picture Experts Group. The standard for compression and storage of motion video.


Multimedia

A format that supports the use of text, sound, animation, images, video, and graphics.


Network

Two or more computers connected so they can communicate with each other.


Open Source Software

Open source software is software in which the source code is available to the public.


Opera

Opera is a web browser and Internet suite developed by Opera Software.


Printer

A device for printing a computers output such as text or graphics on paper.


Processor

A processor is a part of your computer that controls the execution of program instructions.


Password

A secret code that allows a user to access a restricted area.


PDF
Portable Document Format. A format from Adobe that enables a document to be distributed on different systems while preserving the layout.


PHP

A programming language for creating web server software that interacts with HTML.


POP

Post Office Protocol is an Email account for sending and receiving email.


Program

A series of instructions that a computer follows to perform a specific task.


Protocol

Specific rules governing how data is exchanged between two electronic devices.


RAM

Random Access Memory. The most common type of memory used by computers and other devices.


RSS

Real Simple Syndication is a protocol for the syndication and sharing of content.


Registrar

A company or organization that registers Internet domain names.


Safari

Released in 2009 Safari is a web browser developed by Apple Inc for use with Windows and the Mac operating systems.


Safe Mode

Safe Mode is a way for Windows to run with a limited set of files and drivers. This can be useful for troubleshooting problems on your computer.


Secure Server

A Web site that uses encryption technology to protect information being transferred over the Internet.


Server

A computer that shares information and resources with other computers linked by a network.


Scripting

Creating a set of program instructions for developing Web pages using a scripting language such as Camillo editor.


Shareware

Software that is distributed as try before you buy software that is available on a free limited trial basis.


Style Sheets

Style sheets allow you to add advanced text and image formatting to your Web pages.


Source Code

A set of program language instructions which is used to create your web pages.


SMTP

Simple Mail Transfer Protocol. The server address of the account through which you send email.


Spam

The practice of sending massive amounts of email promotions or advertisements.


Spyware

Software that is installed on a users computer without the owners knowledge and consent.


Table

A table is a set of data that is arranged in rows and columns that can provide you with a way of organizing information within your Web pages.


Template

A template is a framework for web pages that contain pre designed formats such as Web page margins, text, and graphics.


Title

Title refers to the name given to your Web page that can also be used by search indexes, your browsers history list, and bookmarks.


Toolbar

A toolbar is a sequence of icons normally below the editors menu that is used to activate program functions.


Upload

The process of transferring information such as web pages or files from your computer to a remote site.


Usenet

A collection of newsgroups and the system to index and access them.


URL

Uniform Resource Locator is a unique address that identifies the location of a web page or file on the Internet.


Camillo editor

Camillo editor is an HTML editor that also uses additional built-in authoring commands to create web pages.


Web feed

A web feed, or news feed is a data format used for providing users with frequently updated content.


Web page
A document file that is written in HTML (Hypertext Markup Language) CSS or JavaScript and is translated by your web browser.


Webmaster

The individual responsible for maintaining and updating a Web site for a company or organization.


Web Hosting
A service that provides Internet users with online systems for storing information such as web pages, images, and video.


Windows

Windows is an operating system designed by Microsoft with a graphical user interface that runs on IBM Pc compatible computers.


World Wide Web

Created by the researchers at CERN, the World Wide Web is a term frequently used when referring to the Internet.


XHTML

Extensible Hypertext Markup Language, or XHTML is stricter version of HTML. XHTML is the successor to HTML 4.01and is used for building web pages that has recently been proposed as a W3C recommendation.


XML

Extensible Markup Language (XML) is a specification developed by the W3C (World Wide Web Consortium) that allows designers to create their own customized tags for use within web pages.


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